Sink Binding Example

A SinkBinding is responsible for linking together “addressable” Kubernetes resources that may receive events (aka the event “sink”) with Kubernetes resources that embed a PodSpec (as spec.template.spec) and want to produce events.

The SinkBinding can be used to author new event sources using any of the familiar compute abstractions that Kubernetes makes available (e.g. Deployment, Job, DaemonSet, StatefulSet), or Knative abstractions (e.g. Service, Configuration).

Create a CronJob that uses SinkBinding

Prerequisites

  1. Setup Knative Serving.
  2. Setup Knative Eventing and Sources.

Prepare the heartbeats image

Knative event-contrib has a sample of heartbeats event source. You could clone the source codes by

git clone -b "release-0.12" https://github.com/knative/eventing-contrib.git

And then build a heartbeats image and publish to your image repo with

ko publish knative.dev/eventing-contrib/cmd/heartbeats

Note: ko publish requires:

  • KO_DOCKER_REPO to be set. (e.g. gcr.io/[gcloud-project] or docker.io/<username>)
  • you to be authenticated with your KO_DOCKER_REPO

Creating our event sink

In order to verify our SinkBinding is working, we will create an Event Display Service that dumps incoming messages to its log.

apiVersion: serving.knative.dev/v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: event-display
spec:
  template:
    spec:
      containers:
        - image: gcr.io/knative-releases/github.com/knative/eventing-contrib/cmd/event_display

Use following command to create the service from service.yaml:

kubectl apply --filename service.yaml

The status of the created service can be seen using:

kubectl get ksvc

NAME            URL                                           LATESTCREATED         LATESTREADY           READY   REASON
event-display   http://event-display.default.1.2.3.4.xip.io   event-display-gqjbw   event-display-gqjbw   True

Create our SinkBinding

In order to direct events to our Event Display, we will first create a SinkBinding that will inject $K_SINK into select Jobs:

apiVersion: sources.knative.dev/v1alpha1
kind: SinkBinding
metadata:
  name: bind-heartbeat
spec:
  subject:
    apiVersion: batch/v1
    kind: Job
    selector:
      matchLabels:
        app: heartbeat-cron

  sink:
    ref:
      apiVersion: serving.knative.dev/v1
      kind: Service
      name: event-display

In this case, we will bind any Job with the labels app: heartbeat-cron.

Use the following command to create the event source from sinkbinding.yaml:

kubectl apply --filename sinkbinding.yaml

Create our CronJob

Now we will use the heartbeats container to send events to $K_SINK every time the CronJob runs:

apiVersion: batch/v1beta1
kind: CronJob
metadata:
  name: heartbeat-cron
spec:
spec:
  # Run every minute
  schedule: "* * * * *"
  jobTemplate:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: heartbeat-cron
    spec:
      template:
        spec:
          restartPolicy: Never
          containers:
            - name: single-heartbeat
              image: <FILL IN YOUR IMAGE HERE>
              args:
                - --period=1
              env:
                - name: ONE_SHOT
                  value: "true"
                - name: POD_NAME
                  valueFrom:
                    fieldRef:
                      fieldPath: metadata.name
                - name: POD_NAMESPACE
                  valueFrom:
                    fieldRef:
                      fieldPath: metadata.namespace

First, edit heartbeats-source.yaml to include the image name from the ko publish command above, then run the following to apply it:

kubectl apply --filename heartbeats-source.yaml

Verify

We will verify that the message was sent to the Knative eventing system by looking at event-display service logs.

kubectl logs -l serving.knative.dev/service=event-display -c user-container --since=10m

You should see log lines showing the request headers and body of the event message sent by the heartbeats source to the display function:

☁️  cloudevents.Event
Validation: valid
Context Attributes,
  specversion: 0.3
  type: dev.knative.eventing.samples.heartbeat
  source: https://knative.dev/eventing-contrib/cmd/heartbeats/#event-test/mypod
  id: 2b72d7bf-c38f-4a98-a433-608fbcdd2596
  time: 2019-10-18T15:23:20.809775386Z
  contenttype: application/json
Extensions,
  beats: true
  heart: yes
  the: 42
Data,
  {
    "id": 2,
    "label": ""
  }

Using the SinkBinding with a Knative Service

SinkBinding is also compatible with our Knative Serving Cloud Events samples; as a next step try using those together. For example, the cloudevents-go sample may be bound with:

apiVersion: sources.knative.dev/v1alpha1
kind: SinkBinding
metadata:
  name: bind-heartbeat
spec:
  subject:
    apiVersion: serving.knative.dev/v1
    kind: Service
    name: cloudevents-go

  sink:
    ref:
      apiVersion: serving.knative.dev/v1
      kind: Service
      name: event-display