Install on a Kubernetes cluster

This guide walks you through the installation of the latest version of Knative using pre-built images.

Before you begin

Knative requires a Kubernetes cluster v1.11 or newer with the MutatingAdmissionWebhook admission controller enabled. kubectl v1.10 is also required. This guide assumes that you’ve already created a Kubernetes cluster which you’re comfortable installing alpha software on.

This guide assumes you are using bash in a Mac or Linux environment; some commands will need to be adjusted for use in a Windows environment.

Installing Istio

Knative depends on Istio. Istio workloads require privileged mode for Init Containers.

  1. Install Istio:

    kubectl apply --filename && \
    kubectl apply --filename

    Note: the resources (CRDs) defined in the istio-crds.yamlfile are also included in the istio.yaml file, but they are pulled out so that the CRD definitions are created first. If you see an error when creating resources about an unknown type, run the second kubectl apply command again.

  2. Label the default namespace with istio-injection=enabled:

    kubectl label namespace default istio-injection=enabled
  3. Monitor the Istio components until all of the components show a STATUS of Running or Completed:

    kubectl get pods --namespace istio-system

It will take a few minutes for all the components to be up and running; you can rerun the command to see the current status.

Note: Instead of rerunning the command, you can add --watch to the above command to view the component’s status updates in real time. Use CTRL + C to exit watch mode.

Installing Knative

The following commands install all available Knative components. To customize your Knative installation, see Performing a Custom Knative Installation.

  1. If you are upgrading from Knative 0.3.x: Update your domain and static IP address to be associated with the LoadBalancer istio-ingressgateway instead of knative-ingressgateway. Then run the following to clean up leftover resources:
   kubectl delete svc knative-ingressgateway -n istio-system
   kubectl delete deploy knative-ingressgateway -n istio-system

If you have the Knative Eventing Sources component installed, you will also need to delete the following resource before upgrading:

   kubectl delete statefulset/controller-manager -n knative-sources

While the deletion of this resource during the upgrade process will not prevent modifications to Eventing Source resources, those changes will not be completed until the upgrade process finishes.

  1. Run the kubectl apply command to install Knative and its dependencies:
   kubectl apply --filename \
   --filename \
   --filename \
   --filename \
   --filename \

Note: If your install fails on the first attempt, try rerunning the commands. They will likely succeed on the second attempt. For background info and to track the upcoming solution to this problem, see issues #968 and #1036.

Note: For the v0.4.0 release and newer, the clusterrole.yaml file is required to enable the Build and Serving components to interact with each other.

  1. Monitor the Knative components until all of the components show a STATUS of Running:
   kubectl get pods --namespace knative-serving
   kubectl get pods --namespace knative-build
   kubectl get pods --namespace knative-eventing
   kubectl get pods --namespace knative-sources
   kubectl get pods --namespace knative-monitoring

What’s next

Now that your cluster has Knative installed, you can see what Knative has to offer.

To deploy your first app with Knative, follow the step-by-step Getting Started with Knative App Deployment guide.

To get started with Knative Eventing, pick one of the Eventing Samples to walk through.

To get started with Knative Build, read the Build README, then choose a sample to walk through.

Except as otherwise noted, the content of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License, and code samples are licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.