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Install Knative using quickstart

This topic describes how to install a local deployment of Knative Serving and Eventing using the Knative quickstart plugin.

The plugin installs a preconfigured Knative deployment on a local Kubernetes cluster.

Warning

Knative quickstart environments are for experimentation use only. For a production ready installation, see the YAML-based installation or the Knative Operator installation.

Before you begin

Before you can get started with a Knative quickstart deployment you must install:

  • kind (Kubernetes in Docker) or minikube to enable you to run a local Kubernetes cluster with Docker container nodes.
  • The Kubernetes CLI (kubectl) to run commands against Kubernetes clusters. You can use kubectl to deploy applications, inspect and manage cluster resources, and view logs.
  • The Knative CLI (kn). For instructions, see the next section.
  • You need minimum of 3 CPUs and 3 GB of RAM available for the cluster to be created.

Install the Knative CLI

The Knative CLI (kn) provides a quick and easy interface for creating Knative resources, such as Knative Services and Event Sources, without the need to create or modify YAML files directly.

The kn CLI also simplifies completion of otherwise complex procedures such as autoscaling and traffic splitting.

Do one of the following:

  • To install kn by using Homebrew, run the command:

    brew install kn
    
  • To upgrade an existing kn install to the latest version, run the command:

    brew upgrade kn
    
    Having issues upgrading kn using Homebrew?

    If you are having issues upgrading using Homebrew, it might be due to a change to a CLI repository where the master branch was renamed to main. Resolve this issue by running the command:

    brew tap --repair
    brew update
    brew upgrade kn
    

You can install kn by downloading the executable binary for your system and placing it in the system path. Note that you will need kn v0.25 or later.

  1. Download the binary for your system from the kn release page.

  2. Rename the binary to kn and make it executable by running the commands:

    mv <path-to-binary-file> kn
    chmod +x kn
    

    Where <path-to-binary-file> is the path to the binary file you downloaded in the previous step, for example, kn-darwin-amd64 or kn-linux-amd64.

  3. Move the executable binary file to a directory on your PATH by running the command:

    mv kn /usr/local/bin
    
  4. Verify that the plugin is working by running the command:

    kn version
    
  1. Check out the kn client repository:

    git clone https://github.com/knative/client.git
    cd client/
    
  2. Build an executable binary:

    hack/build.sh -f
    
  3. Move kn into your system path, and verify that kn commands are working properly. For example:

    kn version
    

Links to images are available here:

You can run kn from a container image. For example:

docker run --rm -v "$HOME/.kube/config:/root/.kube/config" gcr.io/knative-releases/knative.dev/client/cmd/kn:latest service list

Note

Running kn from a container image does not place the binary on a permanent path. This procedure must be repeated each time you want to use kn.

Install the Knative quickstart plugin

To get started, install the Knative quickstart plugin:

Do one of the following:

  • To install the quickstart plugin by using Homebrew, run the command:

    brew install knative-sandbox/kn-plugins/quickstart
    
  • To upgrade an existing quickstart installation to the latest version, run the command:

    brew upgrade knative-sandbox/kn-plugins/quickstart
    
  1. Download the binary for your system from the quickstart release page.

  2. Rename the file to remove the OS and architecture information. For example, rename kn-quickstart-amd64 to kn-quickstart.

  3. Make the plugin executable. For example, chmod +x kn-quickstart.

  4. Move the executable binary file to a directory on your PATH, for example, in /usr/local/bin.

  5. Verify that the plugin is working by running the command:

    kn quickstart --help
    
  1. Check out the kn-plugin-quickstart repository:

    git clone https://github.com/knative-sandbox/kn-plugin-quickstart.git
    cd kn-plugin-quickstart/
    
  2. Build an executable binary:

    hack/build.sh
    
  3. Move the executable binary file to a directory on your PATH:

    mv kn-quickstart /usr/local/bin
    
  4. Verify that the plugin is working by running the command:

    kn quickstart --help
    

Run the Knative quickstart plugin

The quickstart plugin completes the following functions:

  1. Checks if you have the selected Kubernetes instance installed
  2. Creates a cluster called knative
  3. Installs Knative Serving with Kourier as the default networking layer, and sslip.io as the DNS
  4. Installs Knative Eventing and creates an in-memory Broker and Channel implementation

To get a local deployment of Knative, run the quickstart plugin:

  1. Install Knative and Kubernetes on a local Docker daemon by running:

    kn quickstart kind
    
  2. After the plugin is finished, verify you have a cluster called knative:

    kind get clusters
    
  1. Install Knative and Kubernetes in a minikube instance by running:

    Note

    The minikube cluster will be created with 6 GB of RAM. If you don't have enough memory, you can change to a different value not lower than 3 GB by running the command minikube config set memory 3078 before this command.

    kn quickstart minikube
    
  2. The output of the previous command asked you to run minikube tunnel. Run the following command to start the process in a secondary terminal window, then return to the primary window and press enter to continue:

    minikube tunnel --profile knative
    
    The tunnel must continue to run in a terminal window any time you are using your Knative quickstart environment.

    The tunnel command is required because it allows your cluster to access Knative ingress service as a LoadBalancer from your host computer.

    Note

    To terminate the tunnel process and clean up network routes, enter Ctrl-C. For more information about the minikube tunnel command, see the minikube documentation.

  3. After the plugin is finished, verify you have a cluster called knative:

    minikube profile list
    

Next steps

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