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The documentation in this section explains commonly referenced Knative concepts and abstractions, and helps to provide you with a better understanding of how Knative works.

What is Knative?

Knative is a platform-agnostic solution for running serverless deployments.

Knative Serving

Knative Serving defines a set of objects as Kubernetes Custom Resource Definitions (CRDs). These resources are used to define and control how your serverless workload behaves on the cluster.

Diagram that displays how the Serving resources coordinate with each other.

The primary Knative Serving resources are Services, Routes, Configurations, and Revisions:

  • Services: The resource automatically manages the whole lifecycle of your workload. It controls the creation of other objects to ensure that your app has a route, a configuration, and a new revision for each update of the service. Service can be defined to always route traffic to the latest revision or to a pinned revision.

  • Routes: The resource maps a network endpoint to one or more revisions. You can manage the traffic in several ways, including fractional traffic and named routes.

  • Configurations: The resource maintains the desired state for your deployment. It provides a clean separation between code and configuration and follows the Twelve-Factor App methodology. Modifying a configuration creates a new revision.

  • Revisions: The resource is a point-in-time snapshot of the code and configuration for each modification made to the workload. Revisions are immutable objects and can be retained for as long as useful. Knative Serving Revisions can be automatically scaled up and down according to incoming traffic.

For more information on the resources and their interactions, see the Resource Types Overview in the serving Github repository.

Knative Eventing - The Event-driven application platform for Kubernetes

Knative Eventing is a collection of APIs that enable you to use an event-driven architecture with your applications. You can use these APIs to create components that route events from event producers (known as sources) to event consumers (known as sinks) that receive events. Sinks can also be configured to respond to HTTP requests by sending a response event.

Knative Eventing is a standalone platform that provides support for various types of workloads, including standard Kubernetes Services and Knative Serving Services.

Knative Eventing uses standard HTTP POST requests to send and receive events between event producers and sinks. These events conform to the CloudEvents specifications, which enables creating, parsing, sending, and receiving events in any programming language.

Knative Eventing components are loosely coupled, and can be developed and deployed independently of each other. Any producer can generate events before there are active event consumers that are listening for those events. Any event consumer can express interest in a class of events before there are producers that are creating those events.

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