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Scaling to Zero

Remember those super powers 🚀 we talked about? One of Knative Serving's powers is built-in automatic scaling, also known as autoscaling. This means your Knative Service only spins up your application to perform its job (in this case, saying "Hello world!") if it is needed. Otherwise, it will scale to zero by spinning down and waiting for a new request to come in.

What about scaling up to meet increased demand?

Knative Autoscaling also allows you to easily configure your service to scale up (horizontal autoscaling) to meet increased demand as well as control the number of instances that spin up using concurrency limits and other options, but that's beyond the scope of this tutorial.

Let's see this in action! We're going to peek under the hood at the Pod in Kubernetes where our Knative Service is running to watch our "Hello world!" Service scale up and down.

Watch your Knative Service scale to zero

Let's run our "Hello world!" Service just one more time. This time, try the Knative Service URL in your browser or you can use your terminal with curl.

echo "Accessing URL $(kn service describe hello -o url)"
curl "$(kn service describe hello -o url)"

Now watch the pods and see how they scale to zero after traffic stops going to the URL.

kubectl get pod -l serving.knative.dev/service=hello -w

Note

It may take up to 2 minutes for your Pods to scale down. Pinging your service again will reset this timer.

Expected output

NAME                                     READY   STATUS
hello-world                              2/2     Running
hello-world                              2/2     Terminating
hello-world                              1/2     Terminating
hello-world                              0/2     Terminating

Scale up your Knative Service

Rerun the Knative Service in your browser and you will see a new pod running again.

Expected output

NAME                                     READY   STATUS
hello-world                              0/2     Pending
hello-world                              0/2     ContainerCreating
hello-world                              1/2     Running
hello-world                              2/2     Running

Exit the kubectl watch command with Ctrl+c.

Some people call this Serverless 🎉 🌮 🔥 Up next, traffic splitting!

Want to go deeper on Autoscaling?

Interested in getting in the weeds with Knative Autoscaling? Check out the autoscaling documentation for concepts, samples, and more!

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