When you create an event source, you can specify a sink where events are sent to from the source. A sink is an Addressable or a Callable resource that can receive incoming events from other resources. Knative Services, Channels, and Brokers are all examples of sinks.
Addressable objects receive and acknowledge an event delivered over HTTP to an address defined in their
status.address.url field. As a special case, the core Kubernetes Service object also fulfils the Addressable interface.
Callable objects are able to receive an event delivered over HTTP and transform the event, returning 0 or 1 new events in the HTTP response. These returned events may be further processed in the same way that events from an external event source are processed.
Sink as a parameter¶
Sink is used as a reference to an object that resolves to a URI to use as the sink.
sink definition supports the following fields:
|Field||Description||Required or optional|
||This points to an Addressable.||Required if not using
||API version of the referent.||Required if using
||Kind of the referent.||Required if using
||Namespace of the referent. If omitted this defaults to the object holding it.||Optional|
||Name of the referent.||Required if using
||This can be an absolute URL with a non-empty scheme and non-empty host that points to the target or a relative URI. Relative URIs are resolved using the base URI retrieved from Ref.||Required if not using
At least one of
uri is required. If both are specified,
resolved into the URL from the Addressable
Sink parameter example¶
Given the following YAML, if
ref resolves into
uri is added to this
apiVersion: sources.knative.dev/v1 kind: SinkBinding metadata: name: bind-heartbeat spec: ... sink: ref: apiVersion: v1 kind: Service namespace: default name: mysink uri: /extra/path
This results in the
K_SINK environment variable being set on the
Using custom resources as sinks¶
To use a Kubernetes custom resource (CR) as a sink for events, you must:
Make the CR Addressable. You must ensure that the CR contains a
status.address.url. For more information, see the spec for Addressable resources.
Create an Addressable-resolver ClusterRole to obtain the necessary RBAC rules for the sink to receive events.
For example, you can create a
kafkasinks-addressable-resolverClusterRole to allow
watchaccess to KafkaSink objects and statuses:
kind: ClusterRole apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 metadata: name: kafkasinks-addressable-resolver labels: kafka.eventing.knative.dev/release: devel duck.knative.dev/addressable: "true" # Do not use this role directly. These rules will be added to the "addressable-resolver" role. rules: - apiGroups: - eventing.knative.dev resources: - kafkasinks - kafkasinks/status verbs: - get - list - watch
Filtering events sent to sinks by using Triggers¶
You can connect a Trigger to a sink, so that events are filtered before they are sent to the sink. A sink that is connected to a Trigger is configured as a
subscriber in the Trigger resource spec.
apiVersion: eventing.knative.dev/v1 kind: Trigger metadata: name: <trigger-name> spec: ... subscriber: ref: apiVersion: eventing.knative.dev/v1alpha1 kind: KafkaSink name: <kafka-sink-name>
<trigger-name>is the name of the Trigger being connected to the sink.
<kafka-sink-name>is the name of a KafkaSink object.
Specifying sinks using the kn CLI --sink flag¶
When you create an event-producing CR by using the Knative (
kn) CLI, you can specify a sink where events are sent to from that resource, by using the
The following example creates a SinkBinding that uses a Service,
http://event-display.svc.cluster.local, as the sink:
kn source binding create bind-heartbeat \ --namespace sinkbinding-example \ --subject "Job:batch/v1:app=heartbeat-cron" \ --sink http://event-display.svc.cluster.local \ --ce-override "sink=bound"
http://event-display.svc.cluster.local determines that the sink is a Knative Service. Other default sink prefixes include Channel and Broker.
You can configure which resources can be used with the
--sink flag for
kn CLI commands by Customizing kn.
Supported third-party sink types¶
|KafkaSink||Knative||Send events to a Kafka topic|
|RedisSink||Knative||Send events to a Redis Stream|