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Kubernetes services

This guide describes the Kubernetes Services that are active when running Knative Serving.

Before You Begin

  1. This guide assumes that you have installed Knative Serving.
  2. Verify that you have the proper components in your cluster. To view the services installed in your cluster, use the command:

    $ kubectl get services -n knative-serving

    This returns an output similar to the following:

    NAME                TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                  AGE
    activator-service   ClusterIP      <none>        80/TCP,81/TCP,9090/TCP   1h
    autoscaler          ClusterIP   <none>        8080/TCP,9090/TCP        1h
    controller          ClusterIP    <none>        9090/TCP                 1h
    webhook             ClusterIP    <none>        443/TCP                  1h
  3. To view the deployments in your cluster, use the following command:

    $ kubectl get deployments -n knative-serving

    This returns an output similar to the following:

    NAME                         DESIRED   CURRENT   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
    activator                    1         1         1            1           1h
    autoscaler                   1         1         1            1           1h
    controller                   1         1         1            1           1h
    net-certmanager-controller   1         1         1            1           1h
    net-istio-controller         1         1         1            1           1h
    webhook                      1         1         1            1           1h

These services and deployments are installed by the serving.yaml file during install. The next section describes their function.


Service: activator

The activator is responsible for receiving & buffering requests for inactive revisions and reporting metrics to the autoscaler. It also retries requests to a revision after the autoscaler scales the revision based on the reported metrics.

Service: autoscaler

The autoscaler receives request metrics and adjusts the number of pods required to handle the load of traffic.

Service: controller

The controller service reconciles all the public Knative objects and autoscaling CRDs. When a user applies a Knative service to the Kubernetes API, this creates the configuration and route. It will convert the configuration into revisions and the revisions into deployments and Knative Pod Autoscalers (KPAs).

Service: webhook

The webhook intercepts all Kubernetes API calls as well as all CRD insertions and updates. It sets default values, rejects inconsistent and invalid objects, and validates and mutates Kubernetes API calls.

Deployment: net-certmanager-controller

The certmanager reconciles cluster ingresses into cert manager objects.

Deployment: net-istio-controller

The net-istio-controller deployment reconciles a cluster's ingress into an Istio virtual service.

What's Next

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